Effective Teaching Practices

All Around Reading Skills

  • Read aloud to your children – often.  Use good literature.
  • Teach vocabulary directly and in the course of daily life —

Vocabulary notebook for the very young – cut pictures out and write single words in large lower case letters.
Flash cards – stickers, drawings, written definitions.

Fluency and Comprehension

  • Use tape recorder for feedback – practice reading passages out loud for smooth reading.  Do “before and after tapes” to demonstrate improvement.
  • Practice selected passages until children can read as easily as they speak – and with meaning.
  • Create ‘advance organizers’ to support weak skills (for those who have trouble writing and those who cannot locate key facts).
    • Write out KEY ideas with blanks for selected facts that students must locate.
  • Help students use visual mapping or “webs” that will assist in visualizing and remembering.

Older Students

  • Have students read questions first in new text selections – this increases focus and improves comprehension.
  • Teach students to highlight as they read (if using consumable texts).
  • Teach specific skills of finding KEY words in questions and then scanning/skimming to find the same word or phrase to locate answers.
  • Do “sword drills” with dictionaries or have students compete to be first to find text pages after looking up page numbers in index.
  • Teach the “PQRST” strategy

P – Pre-read by looking through chapter — check out pictures, captions, and graphs

Q – Read the questions (or ask yourself some)

R – Read the text, noting answers to your own questions as you read –in some cases WRITE answers as you go to text questions

S – Study the material you have read. Make notes, make sure your know the words in the text. Ask student, “Can you tell me about it?”

T – Test yourself on what you have read