Research-Based Components of Effective Reading Instruction

No one method works for all children, but a combination of these methods is proven to help children K-6 and children who have had difficulty learning to read.

  • PHONEMIC AWARENESS – knowledge of letters, letter sounds and print as a representation for spoken sounds
  • SYNTHETIC PHONICS – blending sounds into words
  • ALPHABETIC CODE – phonics and decoding
  • FLUENT, AUTOMATIC READING – oral and silent
  • VOCABULARY – taught directly and in context
  • COMPREHENSION of TEXT – teach strategies
  • WRITTEN EXPRESSION – reinforces reading skills
  • CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT – to guide instruction
  • GUIDED ORAL READING of a wide range of printed material

Children need feedback – research does not show silent reading improves comprehension nor fluency, although it may help.